Njombe District Council is one of the six districts of the Njombe Region of Tanzania, East Africa. Its administrative seat is Njombe town.
Njombe District was established in 1962 and later was dissolved on 1st, July 1972 by the Decentralization of Government Administration (Interim Provisions) Act No 27 of 1972 which was enacted by the Parliament of the United Republic of Tanzania and its function were transferred to District Development Councils. In 1983 the election in local government took place and Njombe District was re-established in 1984. In 2012 the District council was promoted to Njombe Region with 4 District Councils namely Njombe, Makete, Ludewa and Wanging’ombe District council; and two Town Councils of Njombe and Makambako Town Councils.
Geographical Location and Boundaries
Njombe District is located on the Southern Highlands and lies between attitudes 8.80 and 9.80 south of the Equator, and 34.50 – 35.80 Longitudes East of Greenwich. The Council is at latitude ranging from 1000 to 2000 meters above sea level. In the South Njombe District it borders Njombe Town Council where it extends up to south West, in the West it borders Wanging’ombe District, In the East it borders Morogoro Region and in the North it borders Mufindi District.
The surface area of Njombe District Council is 3,134 square kilometers equivalent to 313,400 Hectares. Out of these 227,000 Hectares are suitable for agriculture and livestock production while the rest of the land is for other activities.
The mean annual rainfall at the highlands zone experiences reliable rainfall ranging between 900 – 1600 mm annually with lower temperature, largely humid lies below 150 C. while at the lower zone experiences unreliable rainfall ranging between 600 – 900mm annually, with relatively warm temperatures ranging between 15oC – 25oC, of which higher temperatures are experienced from September to November.
Administratively the Council has one election constituency that is North Njombe which comprises 2 divisions, 12 wards, 45 villages, 227 sub-villages with 20,341 Households.
For parliamentary elections, Tanzania is divided into constituencies. As of the 2010 elections the area that became Njombe Rural District had one constituency:
Njombe Kaskazini (Njombe North) Constituency
Njombe Rural District is administratively divided into divisions.
In 2012, Njombe Rural District was administratively divided into fourteen wards:
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