Mwanga District Council
ORIGINAL ORIGIN OF MWANGA DISTRICT
Historically since colonial times, the highlands south of Mount Kilimanjaro and between the highlands of Usambara-Tanga and its plains, and the administrative division recognized the name UPARE as a pronunciation as Pare District. This area had its own colonial rule which was again referred to as the Northern Pare and the Southern Pare. Whereas in 1926 Chief Kibacha Singo convened all the chiefs with the aim of uniting all the parish, so in 1928 the Pare district was born.
PARE DISTRICT AND ITS LEADERS
Pare District was headed by nine (9) Chiefs who collectively exchanged leadership every year.
The chiefs are as follows.
Machifu hao ni kama ifuatavyo.
SABUNI NAGUVU – USANGI
MINJA KUKOME – UGWENO
KIBACHA SINGO – SAME
MBWANA YATERI (KIGHONO) – GONJA
DAUDI SEKIMANGA MANENTO – MAMBA
YUSUFU MAPOMBE – MBAGA
CHAUKA SAIDI SADI – HEDARU
RUBENI SHAZIA – SUJI
IFOLONG’O MAKANGE –
These chiefs worked in accordance with the wishes of the colonists. To strengthen security in the area of these chiefs there were guards who were called Wachili, with their duties they made sure that the Chief was in a safe condition so they were given places to live near the chiefs. One of the Chiefs’ duties was to collect taxes (Poly Tax). However in the fifties the chiefs failed to meet the needs of the colonists so under them were established the Whites whose main task was to collect taxes. For this period instead of the eaters are Divisional Secretaries. In the days of the chiefs there was an Area Commissioner (AC) who was otherwise called Mr. Shauri as they were the Magistrates at the district level.
TRIBES / LANGUAGES.
Pare District has traditionally had a population of two (2) languages, with both Pare South and North Pare the main language being Kipare. For the Northern Pare and especially the Ugweno areas there is the main Kigweno language, with a accent that is more closely related to Chagga than Kipare.
LIGHT DISTRICT. (1979 – UNTIL NOW).
Mwanga District was established on July 1, 1979 after the Independence of Tanganyika, currently among the Six (6) districts of Kilimanjaro Region, other districts include Same, Rombo, Hai, Moshi and Siha. At the time of its establishment it was among the four (4) districts which were Same, Moshi and Rombo, before the establishment of the new districts of Hai and Siha.
At the time of inception Mwanga District Council had 4 Divisions of Mwanga, Ugweno, Usangi and Lembeni before the establishment of the new Division of Jipe Ndea. The district had 16 Wards, 53 Villages, and one Electoral Constituency. The District currently has 5 Divisions of Jipe Ndea, Mwanga, Lembeni, Usangi and Ugweno and has 1 Small Town Authority with 12 Suburbs. The District has 19 Wards of Mgagao, Lembeni, Kileo, Lang’ata, Kirya, Kivisini, Kwakoa, Toloha , Mwaniko, Kifula, Msangeni, Shighatini, Kighare, Chomvu, Ngujini, Kilomeni, Kigonigoni, Kirongwe and Jipe, there are 72 villages and 272 Suburbs.
SIZE OF AREA
The size of the District area is 2641 square kilometers of which the land area is 2,558.6 square kilometers and the water area is 82.4 square kilometers where 52 square kilometers is the water area of the Temple of God and Km. 26.4 square meters is the water area of Lake Jipe.
PEOPLE AND HOUSES
When it was established Mwanga District in 1979 had a population of 74,620 and according to the 2002 Population and Housing Census the District had a population of 115, 145, of which 55,327 were males, and 59,818 were females, and the total number of households was 24,326. The workforce within the District was 57,807 where the men were 27,776 and the women were 30,031, who were unable to work due to various reasons like old age, disability etc. were 8,861 where the men were 4,478 and the women were 4,383. As of 2012 the District had a population of 131,442, 63,199 males and 68,243 females.
Mwanga is one of the seven districts of the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. It is bordered to the northeast by Kenya, to the northwest by the Moshi Rural District, to the southwest by the Manyara Region, and to the south by the Same District. Its administrative seat is the town of Mwanga.
The Mwanga District Council is administratively divided into 20 wards:
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