Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa (5,895 m) and the most famous image of Tanzania. Mount Kilimanjaro National Park, unlike other parks in northern Tanzania, is not visited for the sake of the wildlife but for the chance to stand in awe of this beautiful snow-capped mountain and, for many, to climb to the top. Mount Kilimanjaro can be climbed at any time, although the best period is from late June to October, during the dry season.
Kilimanjaro, a World Heritage Site, was formed over a million years ago by volcanic movement along the rift valley. Three volcanic cones – Shira, Kibo, and Mawenzi – have been around for about 750,000 years. The highest point is Uhuru Peak on Kibo, which is one of the Seven Peaks in the world.
The mountain rises from farmland at the lower level to rainforests and alpine meadows and then the arid landscape of the moon. Rainforest slopes are home to buffalo, tigers, monkeys, elephants, and eland. The Alpine region is where bird watchers will find an abundance of birds of prey.
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