The Ministry of Constitution and Law is the mainstay of all legal issues in the country. Of course it is due to this importance, that is why this Ministry became 55 years old equal to the age in our country today.
The history of the Ministry began in 1961 when the then Prime Minister, the late Julius Nyerere appointed Chief Abdallah Fundikira as the first National Minister of Justice before he was replaced by Sheikh Amri Abeid Kaluta in 1963 and later Hon. Hassan Nassor Moyo from 1964 who held the position until 1966. After that the activities of the Ministry were transferred to the Office of the Prime Minister and Second Vice President under Hayati Rashid Mfaume Kawawa.
After the 1975 General Elections, the Ministry and the Office of the Attorney General were merged through Government Proclamation no. 10 of 1975 by Hon. Jullie Manning was appointed Minister and Attorney General until 1982 when Hon. Joseph Warioba to hold those positions. This process continued even after the 1985 General Elections when Hon. Damian Lubuva was appointed to the two positions until 1990.
The radical Cabinet reshuffle in 1990 led to the separation of the Minister and the Attorney General, and the Ministerial hat and the Attorney-General’s cap were distinguished. At that time, the activities of the Minister were transferred to the Office of the Prime Minister and First Vice President and the Office of the Attorney General remained an independent Department under the Office of the First Vice President. These changes were made through Government Proclamation no. 140 of 1990.
In 1993, President Alli Hassan Mwinyi reinstated the Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs and appointed Hon. Samuel Sitta to be the Minister and Office of the Attorney General remained an independent Department under the Office of the First Vice President.
After the 1995 General Elections, President Benjamin Mkapa continued with this Ministry through Government Proclamation no. 720 of 1995 and appointed Hon. Harith Mwapachu to be Minister. In this new structure, the Office of the Attorney General was restored under this Ministry from the Office of the First Vice President and the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry also became the Deputy Attorney General.
In 2005, after the General Elections, President Jakaya Kikwete re-created this Ministry now known as the Ministry of Constitution and Law. However, in order to increase efficiency, in 2008 following the recommendations of the Commission of Justice Mark Bomani, the Ministry was separated from the Office of the Attorney General which also led to the separation of the position of Deputy Attorney General from that of the Secretary General of the Ministry.
Constitution and Enabling Law for National Development.
Have a Strong Constitutional and Legal Framework for Successful National Development Plans.
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