Kilombero District is a district in Morogoro Region, south-western Tanzania.
The district is situated in a vast floodplain, between the Kilombero River in the south-east and the Udzungwa-Mountains in the north-west. On the other side of the Kilombero River, in the south-east, the floodplain is part of Ulanga District.
The area is predominantly rural with the semi-urban district headquarters Ifakara as major settlement.
According to the last census in 2002, the population of Kilombero District is 321,611 The main ethnic groups are Wapogoro, Wandamba, Wabena, and Wambunga and several others in small proportions.
The majority of the villagers are subsistence farmers of maize and rice. There are large plantations of teak wood in the Kilombero and the neighbouring Ulanga districts. In the north-west of the district, Illovo Sugar Company’s sugar-cane plantations occupy most of the low lying area
For parliamentary elections, Tanzania is divided into constituencies. As of the 2010 elections Kilombrero District had one constituency:
Kilombero District Council is administratively divided into thirty five wards: Chisano
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